Latin dating Greve
The language spoken in the city during the 14th century was, and still is, accepted as the Italian language.
The present city of Florence was established by Julius Caesar in 59 BC as a settlement for his veteran soldiers and was named originally Fluentia, owing to the fact that it was built between two rivers, which was later changed to Florentia ("flowering").
It was built in the style of an army camp with the main streets, the cardo and the decumanus, intersecting at the present Piazza della Repubblica.
Catherine de Medici married king Henry II of France and, after his death in 1559, reigned as regent in France.
Marie de' Medici married Henry IV of France and gave birth to the future king Louis XIII.
is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany and of the Metropolitan City of Florence.